A herbaceous plant of winter crops. Due to its distinctive flavor, it is used as a staple and does not dispense with any house and its cultivation is spread throughout the world, including Sudan.
English name Fennel, Florene Fennel:
Latin name Foeniculum vulgare Mill:
The names F. Officinale All. Anethum foeniculum L:
Used part: fruits, leaves, roots
It is believed to be the habitat of Europe’s snuff, and in most parts of temperate Europe it grows in the wild, especially the shores of the Mediterranean Sea. It extends eastward to India and as a result of the use of medicinal shampers, especially seeds, it is cultivated in Syria, southern France, Saxony, And India.
Vegetative Description: Annual Herb is a strong vegetative growth of winter crops and leaves with diet bases. They are wrapped around each other to form a wide thick crown. This is the part used in food. Due to its distinctive flavor, it is used as a spice and spread throughout the world, including Sudan.
Each 100 g of the portion used in food contains the following food ingredients:
90 g humidity
2.8 g protein
4.0 g fat
5.1 g carbohydrate
0.5 g fiber
1.7 g ash
100 mg calcium
51 mg phosphorus
2.7 million iron
397 mg potassium
31 mg Ascorbic acid
3500 IU of vitamin A.
It is clear that the oats of the vegetables are very rich in calcium, and vitamin A, and contain medium amounts of phosphorus, iron, and ascorbic acid.
Fly oil, fatty acids, flavonoids, vitamins and minerals.
Medical importance and uses:
The fruit of the oyster contains a pilot oil ranging between 3-6%. The oil contains anethol by 50-60% and the phishon 25%. It also contains the phyllandrin, lemons, keficol and camphine.
It is used as a condiment for gastrointestinal, aromatic and gastric. Therefore, it is considered an appetizing spice. The oil of light yellow color is used as an antiseptic, antimicrobial, and fungus. It is also used to remove inflammation, joint pain and rheumatism. It is also used with other substances in cases of heart pressure and pulse acceleration. It is useful in asthma, pneumonia, and water retention in the body. Shortness of breath and constipation and calms the bronchial bronchitis and constriction of sight.
Main categories: Florence – Florence Latina Latins
Sheds grow during the months of October and early November and early farming leads to an increase in yield especially as the sugar of slow-growing plants in the initial stages.
Harvest and post-harvest transactions
Plants begin to bloom in January and the grains ripen in April and May, and the plants are collected before their maturity is fully mature. This means that the seeds are overgrown, and a large part of the crop is lost.
When oil is extracted from the seeds, dry fruits are crushed and distilled, and the oil of the yeast is light colored and darkened by the feet. Aldehydes are the most important components of the oil of the sharm and reach about 65%. The distillation and extraction of the oil is considered a gain of great nutritional value as cattle feed.
The yeast is stored at room temperature because it is not noticed by the pests because it is a medicinal and aromatic plant.